Definition Of Cricket

Cricket is a sport that is played between two teams of 11 players on each team and is played with a Bat and Bowl.


It is a very famous sport, it comes among the top 3 sports in the world. It was invented in the late 16th century, in South-East England. The father of cricket is William Gilbert Grace MRCS LRCP  (18 July 1848 – 23 October 1915). He played important role in developing it as a game. In starting this game was played in white clothes and a red ball.

Modern Day Cricket

Modern-day cricket has changed a lot. It nowadays is being played in different forms. It is now played in 3 different forms-

1- Test

2- One day

3- T20

There are many other cricket leagues introduced in modern-day cricket, for example- IPL(Indian Premier League), Big Bash League, English T20, and so on. IPL(Indian Premier League) is the richest league in the world. IPL is being played in T20 form.

Types Of Cricket

  • Test – The test is played with the red ball. It is 5 days long game and it has 90 overs in a day. It is the longest form of cricket. It is only played in white clothes.
  • One Day- One day game is played with the white ball. There is a total of 100 overs in the full game, both teams play 50 overs per side. The one-day game was introduced on 5 January 1971. The first game was played between England and Australia.
  • T20 – T20 is also played with the white ball. There is a total of 40 overs in the full game. Both teams play 20 overs per inning. It was introduced in 2003 by England and Wales.

Ground Structure


Pitch Details

In a match, the pitch is the central part of the cricket field. The length of the pitch is the same all-told style of international matches. The length of the pitch is twenty-two yards(20.12m) and ten ft(3.05m) wide. The surface of the pitch is incredibly flat therefore the ball will bounce on that. At each end of the pitch, there is a ballplayer ground and wickets. From one finish bowler bowls to the ballplayer standing on another finish.

The pitch has specific markings delineating the creases, as per cricket laws. Cricket laws are created and altered by ICC(International Cricket Council).

Uses Of The Pitch

  • Bowling- Bowlers will bowl the ball by throwing it and creating it bounce on the bottom of the pitch batting- Batsmen might often move around the pitch (particularly their crease in a shot to form contact with the ball). Running- the 2 batsmen might line the edges of the pitch, between the batsmen’s ground to score runs.
  • Fielding- often fielders (often the bowler) might run on the pitch to run out a ballplayer.
  • Practice session-  Before a live match, players have followed sessions with their official coach. They compete and checked the circumstances of the pitch. they can not use the most pitch.

Protected Area

The protected area or danger area is the central portion of the pitch – a parallelogram running down the center of the pitch, 2 feet wide, and starting5 feet from each popping crease. beneath the Laws of Cricket, a bowler must avoid running on this space throughout his follow-through after delivering the ball.

The pitch is protected to preserve fairness within the game; the ball usually bounces on the pitch at intervals in this region, associated if it’s scuffed or broken by the bowler’s footmarks it will provide an unfair advantage to the bowling aspect. These areas are exploited by the bowlers to vary the result of the match. If a bowler runs into the protected space, an umpire will issue a warning to the bowler and to his team captain. The umpire problems a second and final warning if the bowler transgresses once more. On the third offense, the umpire can eject the bowler from the attack, and also the bowler might not bowl once more for the rest of the innings. The rule does’ forestall the bowler or the other fielder from running on the protected space in a shot to field the ball; it applies solely to the uninterrupted follow-through.

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