what are articles?

Articles are the demonstrative adjectives. We use articles before countable and

uncountable nouns.

Countable nouns are things that we can count.

Ex; One apple, Two apple

Uncountable nouns are things that we cannot count

Articles are words a/an and the. Articles come before nouns.

There are two articles – a/an and the.

 Indefinite article are a or an  because it doesn’t state which person or thing we are talking about.

Definite article is the, because it points out a particular person or thing.

  • For example, a consultant means any consultant.
  • A family means any family.
articles

Compare:

  • You must consult the doctor. (Which doctor? It could be your family doctor.)
  • You must consult a doctor. (Which doctor? It could be any doctor. Here the speaker does not have a particular doctor in mind.)

Definite article

the (before a singular or plural noun)

We can say an apple or a tree, but not an apples or a trees

Indefinite article

a (before a singular noun beginning with a consonant sound)
an (before a singular noun beginning with a vowel sound)

  • We can say, the book, the books, the rice or the milk.

Articles A or an and the.

The choice between a and an is determined by sound and not spelling. 

is used before words beginning with a consonant sound. Examples are: a boy, a tree, a ball, a flower, a horse, a hole, a European and a university.

An is used before words beginning with a vowel sound. Examples are: an elephant, an egg, an orange, an umbrella, an hour, an heir etc.

The is used when we are mentioning of one particular thing

E.g.: I sat on the chair nearest to the door,the chair,the chairs ,the book,the books etc.

For more English grammar ,here is link https://freelearninguniversity.com/category/english-spoken/

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